Common GI Disorders

Common GI Disorders

by Yenny (SU)

Gastroenterologists specialize in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Many GI illnesses have overlapping symptoms, and some can be avoided using preventive care.

The following are some of the most common GI diseases and what they entail:

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s is a chronic condition that entails inflammation and irritation of the digestive tract, particularly the intestines. Symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fatigue, among others.  A diet tailored for Crohn’s can help stave off episodes.

Diverticulitis

This is a condition in which small pouches, or sacs, that form in the colon get infected. This usually causes pain in the lower left area of a patient’s abdomen. It can also cause fever, constipation, or diarrhea.

Treatment of diverticulitis includes rest, antibiotics, and a full liquid diet for several days to get the system used to working properly again. 

Irritable Bowel Syndrome 

Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, is a disorder of the functioning of the GI tract that can cause pain in the abdominal area, constipation, diarrhea, gas, cramping, and bloating. The cause is unknown, but the main triggers seem to be stress, fluctuating hormones, and certain foods.

Acid Reflux/GERD

Acid reflux, or GERD, is when stomach acid flows back upward into the esophagus, often causing the feeling of heartburn. Other symptoms include coughing or, with chronic reflux, problems swallowing.

It can happen after consuming a large meal or drinking alcohol or coffee.  

Celiac Disease

This is a digestive condition that affects the small intestine and is triggered by foods that contain the gluten protein – including wheat, rye, and barley. Celiac disease is caused by the immune system attacking the lining of the small intestines as a reaction to gluten.  Its symptoms can include unexplained weight loss, constipation, and abdominal pain.

Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. Acute pancreatitis lasts a few days and then resolves, whereas chronic pancreatitis builds slowly over years and causes irreparable damage to the pancreas.

Treatment for pancreatitis is hospitalization with IV fluids to treat dehydration from the condition. The patient will also be told to fast in order to give the pancreas a break, and pain medications may also be prescribed.

Primary Doctor in Maryland

If you are in the Rockville, Bethesda, and Potomac areas and are interested in concierge medicine – to treat your GI issues or any other disorder – contact our caring team at Rockville Concierge Doctors. We are a full-service primary care medical practice for the whole family. 

Call us today at (301) 545-1811 or request a meet-and-greet with our medical team, and find out more about how concierge medicine can benefit you for a lifetime of health and wellness.